||die illo dedit rex Asuerus Hester reginae domum Aman adversarii Iudaeorum et Mardocheus ingressus est ante faciem regis confessa est enim ei Hester quod esset patruus suus
On that day king Assuerus gave the house of Aman, the Jews' enemy, to queen Esther, and Mardochai came in before the king. For Esther had confessed to him that he was her uncle.
||tulitque rex anulum quem ab Aman recipi iusserat et tradidit Mardocheo Hester autem constituit Mardocheum super domum suam
And the king took the ring which he had commanded to be taken again from Aman, and gave it to Mardochai. And Esther set Mardochai over her house.
||nec his contenta procidit ad pedes regis flevitque et locuta ad eum oravit ut malitiam Aman Agagitae et machinationes eius pessimas quas excogitaverat contra Iudaeos iuberet irritas fieri
And not content with these things, she fell down at the king's feet and wept, and speaking to him besought him, that he would give orders that the malice of Aman the Agagite, and his most wicked devices which he had invented against the Jews, should be of no effect.
||at ille ex more sceptrum aureum protendit manu quo signum clementiae monstrabatur illaque consurgens stetit ante eum
But he, as the manner was, held out the golden sceptre with his hand, which was the sign of clemency: and she arose up and stood before him,
||et ait si placet regi et inveni gratiam coram oculis eius et deprecatio mea non ei videtur esse contraria obsecro ut novis epistulis veteres Aman litterae insidiatoris et hostis Iudaeorum quibus eos in cunctis regis provinciis perire praeceperat corrigantur
And said: If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and my request be not disagreeable to him, I beseech thee, that the former letters of Aman the traitor and enemy of the Jews, by which he commanded that they should be destroyed in all the king's provinces, may be reversed by new letters.
||quomodo enim potero sustinere necem et interfectionem populi mei
For how can I endure the murdering and slaughter of my people?
||responditque rex Asuerus Hester reginae et Mardocheo Iudaeo domum Aman concessi Hester et ipsum iussi adfigi cruci qui ausus est manum in Iudaeos mittere
And king Assuerus answered Esther the queen, and Mardochai the Jew: I have given Aman's house to Esther, and I have commanded him to be hanged on a gibbet, because he durst lay hands on the Jews.
||scribite ergo Iudaeis sicut vobis placet ex regis nomine signantes litteras anulo meo haec enim consuetudo erat ut epistulis quae ex regis nomine mittebantur et illius anulo signatae erant nemo auderet contradicere
Write ye therefore to the Jews, as it pleaseth you in the king's name, and seal the letters with my ring. For this was the custom, that no man durst gainsay the letters which were sent in the king's name, and were sealed with his ring.
||accitisque scribis et librariis regis erat autem tempus tertii mensis qui appellatur siban vicesima et tertia illius die scriptae sunt epistulae ut Mardocheus voluerat ad Iudaeos et ad principes procuratoresque et iudices qui centum viginti septem provinciis ab India usque Aethiopiam praesidebant provinciae atque provinciae populo et populo iuxta linguas et litteras suas et Iudaeis ut legere poterant et audire
Then the king's scribes and secretaries were called for (now it was the time of the third month which is called Siban) the three and twentieth day of the month, and letters were written, as Mardochai had a mind, to the Jews, and to the governors, and to the deputies, and to the judges, who were rulers over the hundred and twenty-seven provinces, from India even to Ethiopia: to province and province, to people and people, according to their languages and characters, and to the Jews, according as they could read and hear.
||ipsaeque epistulae quae ex regis nomine mittebantur anulo illius obsignatae sunt et missae per veredarios qui per omnes provincias discurrentes veteres litteras novis nuntiis praevenirent
And these letters which were sent in the king's name, were sealed with his ring, and sent by posts: who were to run through all the provinces, to prevent the former letters with new messages.
||quibus imperavit rex ut convenirent Iudaeos per singulas civitates et in unum praeciperent congregari ut starent pro animabus suis et omnes inimicos suos cum coniugibus ac liberis et universis domibus interficerent atque delerent
And the king gave orders to them, to speak to the Jews in every city, and to command them to gather themselves together, and to stand for their lives, and to kill and destroy all their enemies with their wives and children and all their houses, and to take their spoil.
||et constituta est per omnes provincias una ultionis dies id est tertiadecima mensis duodecimi adar
And one day of revenge was appointed through all the provinces, to wit, the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar.
||Rex magnus Artaxerxes eab India usque Aethiopiam centum vigintiseptem provinciarum ducibus ac principibus, qui nostrae iussioni obediunt, salutem dicit.
The great king Artaxerxes, from India to Ethiopia, to the governors and princes of a hundred and twenty-seven provinces, which obey our command, sendeth greeting.
||Multi bonitate principum et honore, qui in eos collatus est, abusi sunt in superbiam:
Many have abused unto pride the goodness of princes, and the honour that hath been bestowed upon them:
||et non solum subiectos regibus nituntur opprimere, sed datam sibi gloriam non ferentes, in ipsos, qui dederunt, moliuntur insidias.
And not only endeavour to oppress the king's subjects, but not bearing the glory that is given them, take in hand, to practise also against them that gave it.
||Nec contenti sunt gratias non agere beneficiis, et humanitatis in se iura violare, sed Dei quoque cuncta cernentis arbitrantur se posse fugere sententiam.
Neither are they content not to return thanks for benefits received, and to violate in themselves the laws of humanity, but they think they can also escape the justice of God who seeth all things.
||Et in tantum vesaniae proruperunt, ut eos, qui credita sibi officia diligenter observant, et ita cuncta agunt ut omnium laude digni sint, mendaciorum cuniculis conentur subvertere,
And they break out into so great madness, as to endeavour to undermine by lies such as observe diligently the offices committed to them, and do all things in such manner as to be worthy of all men's praise,
||dum aures principum simplices, et ex sua natura alios aestimantes, callida fraude decipiunt.
While with crafty fraud they deceive the ears of princes that are well meaning, and judge of others by their own nature.
||Quae res et ex veteribus probatur historiis, et ex his, quae geruntur quotidie, quo modo malis quorumdam suggestionibus regum studia depraventur.
Now this is proved both from ancient histories, and by the things which are done daily, how the good designs of kings are depraved by the evil suggestions of certain men.
||Unde providendum est paci omnium provinciarum.
Wherefore we must provide for the peace of all provinces.
||Nec putare debetis, si diversa iubeamus, ex animi nostri venire levitate, sed pro qualitate et necessitate temporum, ut reipublicae poscit utilitas, ferre sententiam.
Neither must you think, if we command different things, that it cometh of the levity of our mind, but that we give sentence according to the quality and necessity of times, as the profit of the commonwealth requireth.
||Et ut manifestius quod dicimus, intelligatis, Aman filius Amadathi, et animo et gente Macedo, alienusque a Persarum sanguine, et pietatem nostram sua crudelitate commaculans, peregrinus a nobis susceptus est:
Now that you may more plainly understand what we say, Aman the son of Amadathi, a Macedonian both in mind and country, and having nothing of the Persian blood, but with his cruelty staining our goodness, was received being a stranger by us:
||et tantam in se expertus humanitatem, ut pater noster vocaretur, et adoraretur ab omnibus post regem secundus:
And found our humanity so great towards him, that he was called our father, and was worshipped by all as the next man after the king:
|| qui in tantum arrogantiae tumorem sublatus est, ut regno privare nos niteretur et spiritu.
But he was so far puffed up with arrogancy, as to go about to deprive us of our kingdom and life.
||Nam Mardochaeum, cuius fide et beneficiis vivimus, et consortem regni nostri Esther cum omni gente sua novis quibusdam atque inauditis machinis expetivit in mortem:
For with certain new and unheard of devices he hath sought the destruction of Mardochai, by whose fidelity and good services our life was saved, and of Esther the partner of our kingdom with all their nation:
||hoc cogitans ut illis interfectis, insidiaretur nostrae solitudini, et regnum Persarum transferret in Macedonas.
Thinking that after they were slain, he might work treason against us left alone without friends, and might transfer the kingdom of the Persians to the Macedonians.
||Nos autem a pessimo mortalium Iudaeos neci destinatos, in nulla penitus culpa reperimus, sed econtrario iustis utentes legibus,
But we have found that the Jews, who were by that most wicked man appointed to be slain, are in no fault at all, but contrariwise, use just laws,
|| et filios altissimi et maximi, semperque viventis Dei, cuius beneficio et patribus nostris et nobis regnum est traditum, et usque hodie custoditur.
And are the children of the highest and the greatest, and the ever living God, by whose benefit the kingdom was given both to our fathers and to us, and is kept unto this day.
||Unde eas litteras, quas sub nomine nostro ille direxerat, sciatis esse irritas.
Wherefore know ye that those letters which he sent in our name, are void and of no effect.
||Pro quo scelere ante portas huius urbis, id est, Susan, et ipse qui machinatus est, et omnis cognatio eius pendet in patibulis: non nobis, sed Deo reddente ei quod meruit.
For which crime both he himself that devised it, and all his kindred hang on gibbets, before the gates of this city Susan: not we, but God repaying him as he deserved.
||Hoc autem edictum, quod nunc mittimus, in cunctis urbibus proponatur, ut liceat Iudaeis uti legibus suis.
But this edict, which we now send, shall be published in all cities, that the Jews may freely follow their own laws.
||Quibus debetis esse adminiculo, ut eos, qui se ad necem eorum paraverant, possint interficere tertiadecima die mensis duodecimi, qui vocatur Adar.
And you shall aid them that they may kill those who had prepared themselves to kill them, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is called Adar.
||hanc enim diem, Deus omnipotens, maeroris et luctus, eis vertit in gaudium.
For the almighty God hath turned this day of sadness and mourning into joy to them.
||Unde et vos inter ceteros festos dies, hanc habetote diem, et celebrate eam cum omni laetitia, ut et in posterum cognoscatur,
Wherefore you shall also count this day among other festival days, and celebrate it with all joy, that it may be known also in times to come,
||onmes, qui fideliter Persis obediunt, dignam pro fide recipere mercedem: qui autem insidiantur regno eorum, perire pro scelere.
That all they who faithfully obey the Persians, receive a worthy reward for their fidelity: but they that are traitors to their kingdom, are destroyed for their wickedness.
||Omnis autem provincia et civitas, quae noluerit sollemnitatis huius esse particeps, gladio et igne pereat, et sic deleatur, ut non solum hominibus, sed etiam bestiis invia sit in sempiternum, pro exemplo contemptus, et inobedientiae.
And let every province and city, that will not be partaker of this solemnity, perish by the sword and by fire, and be destroyed in such manner as to be made unpassable, both to men and beasts, for an example of contempt, and disobedience.
||summaque epistulae fuit ut in omnibus terris ac populis qui regis Asueri imperio subiacebant notum fieret paratos esse Iudaeos ad capiendam vindictam de hostibus suis
And this was the content of the letter, that it should be notified in all lands and peoples that were subject to the empire of king Assuerus, that the Jews were ready to be revenged of their enemies.
||egressique sunt veredarii celeres nuntios perferentes et edictum regis pependit in Susis
So the swift posts went out carrying the messages, and the king's edict was hung up in Susan.
||Mardocheus autem de palatio et de conspectu regis egrediens fulgebat vestibus regiis hyacinthinis videlicet et aerinis coronam auream portans capite et amictus pallio serico atque purpureo omnisque civitas exultavit atque laetata est
And Mardochai going forth out of the palace, and from the king's presence, shone in royal apparel, to wit, of violet and sky colour, wearing a golden crown on his head, and clothed with a cloak of silk and purple. And all the city rejoiced, and was glad.
||Iudaeis autem nova lux oriri visa est gaudium honor et tripudium
But to the Jews, a new light seemed to rise, joy, honour, and dancing.
||apud omnes populos urbes atque provincias quocumque regis iussa veniebant mira exultatio epulae atque convivia et festus dies in tantum ut plures alterius gentis et sectae eorum religioni et caerimoniis iungerentur grandis enim cunctos iudaici nominis terror invaserat
And in all peoples, cities, and provinces, whithersoever the king's commandments came, there was wonderful rejoicing, feasts and banquets, and keeping holy day: Insomuch that many of other nations and religion, joined themselves to their worship and ceremonies. For a great dread of the name of the Jews had fallen upon all.