||anno centesimo quadragesimo nono cognovit Iudas Antiochum Eupatoris venire cum multitudine adversus Iudaeam
In the year one hundred and forty-nine, Judas understood that Antiochus Eupator was coming with a multitude against Judea,
||et cum eo Lysiam procuratorem et praepositum negotiorum secum habentem peditum centum decem milia et equitum quinque milia et elefantos viginti duo currus cum falcibus trecentos
And with him Lysias, the regent, who had charge over the affairs of the realm, having with him a hundred and ten thousand footmen, five thousand horsemen, twenty-two elephants, and three hundred chariots.
||commiscuit autem se illis et Menelaus et cum multa fallacia deprecabatur Antiochum non pro patriae salute sed sperans se constitui in principatum
Menelaus also joined himself with them: and with great deceitfulness besought Antiochus, not for the welfare of his country, but in hopes that he should be appointed chief ruler.
||sed Rex regum suscitavit animos Antiochi in peccatorem et suggerente Lysia hunc esse causam omnium malorum iussit ut eis est consuetudo conprehensum in eodem loco necari
But the King of kings stirred up the mind of Antiochus against the sinner, and upon Lysias suggesting that he was the cause of all the evils, he commanded (as the custom is with them) that he should be apprehended and put to death in the same place.
||erat autem in eodem loco turris quinquaginta cubitorum aggestum undique habens cineris haec prospectum habebat in praeceps
Now there was in that place a tower fifty cubits high, having a heap of ashes on every side: this had a prospect steep down.
||inde in cinerem deici iussit sacrilegum omnibus eum propellentibus ad interitum
From thence he commanded the sacrilegious wretch to be thrown down into the ashes, all men thrusting him forward unto death.
||et tali lege praevaricatorem legis contigit mori nec terrae dari Menelaum
And by such a law it happened that Menelaus the transgressor of the law, was put to death: not having so much as burial in the earth.
||et quidem satis iuste nam quia multa erga aram Dei delicta commisit cuius ignis et cinis erat sanctus ipse in cineris morte damnatus est
And indeed very justly, for insomuch as he had committed many sins against the altar of God, the fire and ashes of which were holy: he was condemned to die in ashes.
||sed rex mente effrenatus veniebat nequiorem se Iudaeis ostensurus
But the king, with his mind full of rage, came on to shew himself worse to the Jews than his father was.
||quibus Iudas cognitis praecepit populo ut die ac nocte Dominum invocarent quo sicut semper et nunc adiuvaret eos
Which when Judas understood, he commanded the people to call upon the Lord day and night, that as he had always done, so now also he would help them:
||quippe qui lege et patria sanctoque templo privari vererentur ac populum qui nuper paululum respirasset ne sineret blasphemis rursum nationibus subdi
Because they were afraid to be deprived of the law, and of their country, and of the holy temple: and that he would not suffer the people, that had of late taken breath for a little while, to be again in subjection to blasphemous nations.
||omnibus itaque id simul facientibus et petentibus a Domino misericordiam cum fletu et ieiuniis per triduum continuum prostratis hortatus est eos Iudas ut se praepararent
So when they had all done this together, and had craved mercy of the Lord with weeping and fasting, lying prostrate on the ground for three days continually, Judas exhorted them to make themselves ready.
||ipse vero cum senioribus cogitavit priusquam rex admoveret exercitum ad Iudaeam et obtineret civitatem exire et Domini iudicio committere exitum rei
But he, with the ancients, determined before the king should bring his army into Judea, and make himself master of the city, to go out, and to commit the event of the thing to the judgment of the Lord.
||dans itaque potestatem omnium Deo mundi creatori et hortatus suos ut fortiter dimicarent et usque ad mortem pro legibus templo civitate patria et civibus starent circa Modin exercitum constituit
So committing all to God, the Creator of the world, and having exhorted his people to fight manfully, and to stand up even to death for the laws, the temple, the city, their country, and citizens: he placed his army about Modin.
||et dato signo suis Dei victoria iuvenibus fortissimis electis nocte adgressus aulam regiam in castris interfecit viros quattuor milia et maximum elefantorum cum his qui superpositi erant
And having given his company for a watchword, The victory of God, with most valiant chosen young men, he set upon the king's quarter by night, and slew four thousand men in the camp, and the greatest of the elephants, with them that had been upon him,
||summoque metu ac perturbatione hostium replentes rebus prospere gestis abierunt
And having filled the camp of the enemies with exceeding great fear and tumult, they went off with good success.
||hoc autem factum est die inlucescente adiuvante eum Domini protectione
Now this was done at the break of day, by the protection and help of thc Lord.
||sed rex accepto gustu audaciae Iudaeorum arte difficultates locorum temptabat
But the king having taken a taste of the hardiness of the Jews, attempted to take the strong places by policy:
||et Bethsurae quod erat Iudaeorum praesidium munitum castra admovebat sed fugabatur inpingebat minuebatur
And he marched with his army to Bethsura, which was a strong hold of the Jews: but he was repulsed, he failed, he lost his men.
||his autem qui intus erant Iudas necessaria mittebat
Now Judas sent necessaries to them that were within
||enuntiavit autem mysteria hostibus Rhodocus quidam de iudaico exercitu qui requisitus conprehensus conclusus est
But Rhodocus, one of the Jews' army, disclosed the secrets to the enemies, so he was sought out, and taken up, and put iu prison.
||iterum rex sermonem habuit ad eos qui erant in Bethsuris dextram dedit accepit abiit
Again the king treated with them that were in Bethsura: gave his right hand: took theirs: and went away.
||commisit cum Iuda superatus est ut autem cognovit rebellasse Philippum Antiochiae qui relictus erat super negotia mente consternatus Iudaeos deprecans subditusque eis iurat de omnibus quibus iustum visum est et reconciliatus obtulit sacrificium honorificavit templum et munera posuit
He fought with Judas: and was overcome. And when he understood that Philip, who had been left over the affairs, had rebelled at Antioch, he was in a consternation of mind, and intreating the Jews, and yielding to them, he swore to all things that seemed reasonable, and, being reconciled, offered sacrifice, honoured the temple, and left gifts.
||Macchabeum amplexus est et fecit eum ab Ptolomaide usque Gerrenos ducem et principem
He embraced Machabeus, and made him governor and prince from Ptolemais unto the Gerrenians.
||ut autem venit Ptolomaidam graviter ferebant Ptolomenses amicitiae conventionem indignantes ne forte foedus inrumperent
But when he was come to Ptolemais, the men of that city were much displeased with the conditions of the peace, being angry for fear they should break the covenant.
||tunc ascendit Lysias tribunal et exposuit rationem et populum sedavit regressusque est Antiochiam et hoc modo regi profectio et reditus processit
Then Lysias went up to the judgment seat, and set forth the reason, and appeased the people, and returned to Antioch: and thus matters went with regard to the king's coming and his return.