Latin Vulgate Bible
The Latin Vulgate Bible
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Genesis 1
Genesis 2
Genesis 3
Genesis 4
Genesis 5
Genesis 6
Genesis 7
Genesis 8
Genesis 9
Genesis 10
Genesis 11
Genesis 12
Genesis 13
Genesis 14
Genesis 15
Genesis 16
Genesis 17
Genesis 18
Genesis 19
Genesis 20
Genesis 21
Genesis 22
Genesis 23
Genesis 24
Genesis 25
Genesis 26
Genesis 27
Genesis 28
Genesis 29
Genesis 30
Genesis 31
Genesis 32
Genesis 33
Genesis 34
Genesis 35
Genesis 36
Genesis 37
Genesis 38
Genesis 39
Genesis 40
Genesis 41
Genesis 42
Genesis 43
Genesis 44
Genesis 45
Genesis 46
Genesis 47
Genesis 48
Genesis 49
Genesis 50
Exodus 1
Exodus 2
Exodus 3
Exodus 4
Exodus 5
Exodus 6
Exodus 7
Exodus 8
Exodus 9
Exodus 10
Exodus 11
Exodus 12
Exodus 13
Exodus 14
Exodus 15
Exodus 16
Exodus 17
Exodus 18
Exodus 19
Exodus 20
Exodus 21
Exodus 22
Exodus 23
Exodus 24
Exodus 25
Exodus 26
Exodus 27
Exodus 28
Exodus 29
Exodus 30
Exodus 31
Exodus 32
Exodus 33
Exodus 34
Exodus 35
Exodus 36
Exodus 37
Exodus 38
Exodus 39
Exodus 40
Leviticus 1
Leviticus 2
Leviticus 3
Leviticus 4
Leviticus 5
Leviticus 6
Leviticus 7
Leviticus 8
Leviticus 9
Leviticus 10
Leviticus 11
Leviticus 12
Leviticus 13
Leviticus 14
Leviticus 15
Leviticus 16
Leviticus 17
Leviticus 18
Leviticus 19
Leviticus 20
Leviticus 21
Leviticus 22
Leviticus 23
Leviticus 24
Leviticus 25
Leviticus 26
Leviticus 27
Numeri 1
Numeri 2
Numeri 3
Numeri 4
Numeri 5
Numeri 6
Numeri 7
Numeri 8
Numeri 9
Numeri 10
Numeri 11
Numeri 12
Numeri 13
Numeri 14
Numeri 15
Numeri 16
Numeri 17
Numeri 18
Numeri 19
Numeri 20
Numeri 21
Numeri 22
Numeri 23
Numeri 24
Numeri 25
Numeri 26
Numeri 27
Numeri 28
Numeri 29
Numeri 30
Numeri 31
Numeri 32
Numeri 33
Numeri 34
Numeri 35
Numeri 36
Deuteronomium 1
Deuteronomium 2
Deuteronomium 3
Deuteronomium 4
Deuteronomium 5
Deuteronomium 6
Deuteronomium 7
Deuteronomium 8
Deuteronomium 9
Deuteronomium 10
Deuteronomium 11
Deuteronomium 12
Deuteronomium 13
Deuteronomium 14
Deuteronomium 15
Deuteronomium 16
Deuteronomium 17
Deuteronomium 18
Deuteronomium 19
Deuteronomium 20
Deuteronomium 21
Deuteronomium 22
Deuteronomium 23
Deuteronomium 24
Deuteronomium 25
Deuteronomium 26
Deuteronomium 27
Deuteronomium 28
Deuteronomium 29
Deuteronomium 30
Deuteronomium 31
Deuteronomium 32
Deuteronomium 33
Deuteronomium 34
Josue 1
Josue 2
Josue 3
Josue 4
Josue 5
Josue 6
Josue 7
Josue 8
Josue 9
Josue 10
Josue 11
Josue 12
Josue 13
Josue 14
Josue 15
Josue 16
Josue 17
Josue 18
Josue 19
Josue 20
Josue 21
Josue 22
Josue 23
Josue 24
Judicum 1
Judicum 2
Judicum 3
Judicum 4
Judicum 5
Judicum 6
Judicum 7
Judicum 8
Judicum 9
Judicum 10
Judicum 11
Judicum 12
Judicum 13
Judicum 14
Judicum 15
Judicum 16
Judicum 17
Judicum 18
Judicum 19
Judicum 20
Judicum 21
Ruth 1
Ruth 2
Ruth 3
Ruth 4
Samuhel I
Samuhel 1
Samuhel 2
Samuhel 3
Samuhel 4
Samuhel 5
Samuhel 6
Samuhel 7
Samuhel 8
Samuhel 9
Samuhel 10
Samuhel 11
Samuhel 12
Samuhel 13
Samuhel 14
Samuhel 15
Samuhel 16
Samuhel 17
Samuhel 18
Samuhel 19
Samuhel 20
Samuhel 21
Samuhel 22
Samuhel 23
Samuhel 24
Samuhel 25
Samuhel 26
Samuhel 27
Samuhel 28
Samuhel 29
Samuhel 30
Samuhel 31
Samuhel II
Samuhel 1
Samuhel 2
Samuhel 3
Samuhel 4
Samuhel 5
Samuhel 6
Samuhel 7
Samuhel 8
Samuhel 9
Samuhel 10
Samuhel 11
Samuhel 12
Samuhel 13
Samuhel 14
Samuhel 15
Samuhel 16
Samuhel 17
Samuhel 18
Samuhel 19
Samuhel 20
Samuhel 21
Samuhel 22
Samuhel 23
Samuhel 24
Regum I
I Regum 1
I Regum 2
I Regum 3
I Regum 4
I Regum 5
I Regum 6
I Regum 7
I Regum 8
I Regum 9
I Regum 10
I Regum 11
I Regum 12
I Regum 13
I Regum 14
I Regum 15
I Regum 16
I Regum 17
I Regum 18
I Regum 19
I Regum 20
I Regum 21
I Regum 22
Regum II
II Regum 1
II Regum 2
II Regum 3
II Regum 4
II Regum 5
II Regum 6
II Regum 7
II Regum 8
II Regum 9
II Regum 10
II Regum 11
II Regum 12
II Regum 13
II Regum 14
II Regum 15
II Regum 16
II Regum 17
II Regum 18
II Regum 19
II Regum 20
II Regum 21
II Regum 22
II Regum 23
II Regum 24
II Regum 25
Paralipomenon I
I Paralipomenon 1
I Paralipomenon 2
I Paralipomenon 3
I Paralipomenon 4
I Paralipomenon 5
I Paralipomenon 6
I Paralipomenon 7
I Paralipomenon 8
I Paralipomenon 9
I Paralipomenon 10
I Paralipomenon 11
I Paralipomenon 12
I Paralipomenon 13
I Paralipomenon 14
I Paralipomenon 15
I Paralipomenon 16
I Paralipomenon 17
I Paralipomenon 18
I Paralipomenon 19
I Paralipomenon 20
I Paralipomenon 21
I Paralipomenon 22
I Paralipomenon 23
I Paralipomenon 24
I Paralipomenon 25
I Paralipomenon 26
I Paralipomenon 27
I Paralipomenon 28
I Paralipomenon 29
Paralipomenon II
II Paralipomenon 1
II Paralipomenon 2
II Paralipomenon 3
II Paralipomenon 4
II Paralipomenon 5
II Paralipomenon 6
II Paralipomenon 7
II Paralipomenon 8
II Paralipomenon 9
II Paralipomenon 10
II Paralipomenon 11
II Paralipomenon 12
II Paralipomenon 13
II Paralipomenon 14
II Paralipomenon 15
II Paralipomenon 16
II Paralipomenon 17
II Paralipomenon 18
II Paralipomenon 19
II Paralipomenon 20
II Paralipomenon 21
II Paralipomenon 22
II Paralipomenon 23
II Paralipomenon 24
II Paralipomenon 25
II Paralipomenon 26
II Paralipomenon 27
II Paralipomenon 28
II Paralipomenon 29
II Paralipomenon 30
II Paralipomenon 31
II Paralipomenon 32
II Paralipomenon 33
II Paralipomenon 34
II Paralipomenon 35
II Paralipomenon 36
Esdrae 1
Esdrae 2
Esdrae 3
Esdrae 4
Esdrae 5
Esdrae 6
Esdrae 7
Esdrae 8
Esdrae 9
Esdrae 10
Nehemiae 1
Nehemiae 2
Nehemiae 3
Nehemiae 4
Nehemiae 5
Nehemiae 6
Nehemiae 7
Nehemiae 8
Nehemiae 9
Nehemiae 10
Nehemiae 11
Nehemiae 12
Nehemiae 13
Tobiae 1
Tobiae 2
Tobiae 3
Tobiae 4
Tobiae 5
Tobiae 6
Tobiae 7
Tobiae 8
Tobiae 9
Tobiae 10
Tobiae 11
Tobiae 12
Tobiae 13
Tobiae 14
Judith 1
Judith 2
Judith 3
Judith 4
Judith 5
Judith 6
Judith 7
Judith 8
Judith 9
Judith 10
Judith 11
Judith 12
Judith 13
Judith 14
Judith 15
Judith 16
Esther 1
Esther 2
Esther 3
Esther 4
Esther 5
Esther 6
Esther 7
Esther 8
Esther 9
Esther 10
Job 1
Job 2
Job 3
Job 4
Job 5
Job 6
Job 7
Job 8
Job 9
Job 10
Job 11
Job 12
Job 13
Job 14
Job 15
Job 16
Job 17
Job 18
Job 19
Job 20
Job 21
Job 22
Job 23
Job 24
Job 25
Job 26
Job 27
Job 28
Job 29
Job 30
Job 31
Job 32
Job 33
Job 34
Job 35
Job 36
Job 37
Job 38
Job 39
Job 40
Job 41
Job 42
Psalmi 1
Psalmi 2
Psalmi 3
Psalmi 4
Psalmi 5
Psalmi 6
Psalmi 7
Psalmi 8
Psalmi 9
Psalmi 10
Psalmi 11
Psalmi 12
Psalmi 13
Psalmi 14
Psalmi 15
Psalmi 16
Psalmi 17
Psalmi 18
Psalmi 19
Psalmi 20
Psalmi 21
Psalmi 22
Psalmi 23
Psalmi 24
Psalmi 25
Psalmi 26
Psalmi 27
Psalmi 28
Psalmi 29
Psalmi 30
Psalmi 31
Psalmi 32
Psalmi 33
Psalmi 34
Psalmi 35
Psalmi 36
Psalmi 37
Psalmi 38
Psalmi 39
Psalmi 40
Psalmi 41
Psalmi 42
Psalmi 43
Psalmi 44
Psalmi 45
Psalmi 46
Psalmi 47
Psalmi 48
Psalmi 49
Psalmi 50
Psalmi 51
Psalmi 52
Psalmi 53
Psalmi 54
Psalmi 55
Psalmi 56
Psalmi 57
Psalmi 58
Psalmi 59
Psalmi 60
Psalmi 61
Psalmi 62
Psalmi 63
Psalmi 64
Psalmi 65
Psalmi 66
Psalmi 67
Psalmi 68
Psalmi 69
Psalmi 70
Psalmi 71
Psalmi 72
Psalmi 73
Psalmi 74
Psalmi 75
Psalmi 76
Psalmi 77
Psalmi 78
Psalmi 79
Psalmi 80
Psalmi 81
Psalmi 82
Psalmi 83
Psalmi 84
Psalmi 85
Psalmi 86
Psalmi 87
Psalmi 88
Psalmi 89
Psalmi 90
Psalmi 91
Psalmi 92
Psalmi 93
Psalmi 94
Psalmi 95
Psalmi 96
Psalmi 97
Psalmi 98
Psalmi 99
Psalmi 100
Psalmi 101
Psalmi 102
Psalmi 103
Psalmi 104
Psalmi 105
Psalmi 106
Psalmi 107
Psalmi 108
Psalmi 109
Psalmi 110
Psalmi 111
Psalmi 112
Psalmi 113
Psalmi 114
Psalmi 115
Psalmi 116
Psalmi 117
Psalmi 118
Psalmi 119
Psalmi 120
Psalmi 121
Psalmi 122
Psalmi 123
Psalmi 124
Psalmi 125
Psalmi 126
Psalmi 127
Psalmi 128
Psalmi 129
Psalmi 130
Psalmi 131
Psalmi 132
Psalmi 133
Psalmi 134
Psalmi 135
Psalmi 136
Psalmi 137
Psalmi 138
Psalmi 139
Psalmi 140
Psalmi 141
Psalmi 142
Psalmi 143
Psalmi 144
Psalmi 145
Psalmi 146
Psalmi 147
Psalmi 148
Psalmi 149
Psalmi 150
Psalmi 151
Proverbia 1
Proverbia 2
Proverbia 3
Proverbia 4
Proverbia 5
Proverbia 6
Proverbia 7
Proverbia 8
Proverbia 9
Proverbia 10
Proverbia 11
Proverbia 12
Proverbia 13
Proverbia 14
Proverbia 15
Proverbia 16
Proverbia 17
Proverbia 18
Proverbia 19
Proverbia 20
Proverbia 21
Proverbia 22
Proverbia 23
Proverbia 24
Proverbia 25
Proverbia 26
Proverbia 27
Proverbia 28
Proverbia 29
Proverbia 30
Proverbia 31
Ecclesiastes 1
Ecclesiastes 2
Ecclesiastes 3
Ecclesiastes 4
Ecclesiastes 5
Ecclesiastes 6
Ecclesiastes 7
Ecclesiastes 8
Ecclesiastes 9
Ecclesiastes 10
Ecclesiastes 11
Ecclesiastes 12
Canticum Canticorum 1
Canticum Canticorum 2
Canticum Canticorum 3
Canticum Canticorum 4
Canticum Canticorum 5
Canticum Canticorum 6
Canticum Canticorum 7
Canticum Canticorum 8
Sapientia 1
Sapientia 2
Sapientia 3
Sapientia 4
Sapientia 5
Sapientia 6
Sapientia 7
Sapientia 8
Sapientia 9
Sapientia 10
Sapientia 11
Sapientia 12
Sapientia 13
Sapientia 14
Sapientia 15
Sapientia 16
Sapientia 17
Sapientia 18
Sapientia 19
Ecclesiasticus 1
Ecclesiasticus 2
Ecclesiasticus 3
Ecclesiasticus 4
Ecclesiasticus 5
Ecclesiasticus 6
Ecclesiasticus 7
Ecclesiasticus 8
Ecclesiasticus 9
Ecclesiasticus 10
Ecclesiasticus 11
Ecclesiasticus 12
Ecclesiasticus 13
Ecclesiasticus 14
Ecclesiasticus 15
Ecclesiasticus 16
Ecclesiasticus 17
Ecclesiasticus 18
Ecclesiasticus 19
Ecclesiasticus 20
Ecclesiasticus 21
Ecclesiasticus 22
Ecclesiasticus 23
Ecclesiasticus 24
Ecclesiasticus 25
Ecclesiasticus 26
Ecclesiasticus 27
Ecclesiasticus 28
Ecclesiasticus 29
Ecclesiasticus 30
Ecclesiasticus 31
Ecclesiasticus 32
Ecclesiasticus 33
Ecclesiasticus 34
Ecclesiasticus 35
Ecclesiasticus 36
Ecclesiasticus 37
Ecclesiasticus 38
Ecclesiasticus 39
Ecclesiasticus 40
Ecclesiasticus 41
Ecclesiasticus 42
Ecclesiasticus 43
Ecclesiasticus 44
Ecclesiasticus 45
Ecclesiasticus 46
Ecclesiasticus 47
Ecclesiasticus 48
Ecclesiasticus 49
Ecclesiasticus 50
Ecclesiasticus 51
Isaias 1
Isaias 2
Isaias 3
Isaias 4
Isaias 5
Isaias 6
Isaias 7
Isaias 8
Isaias 9
Isaias 10
Isaias 11
Isaias 12
Isaias 13
Isaias 14
Isaias 15
Isaias 16
Isaias 17
Isaias 18
Isaias 19
Isaias 20
Isaias 21
Isaias 22
Isaias 23
Isaias 24
Isaias 25
Isaias 26
Isaias 27
Isaias 28
Isaias 29
Isaias 30
Isaias 31
Isaias 32
Isaias 33
Isaias 34
Isaias 35
Isaias 36
Isaias 37
Isaias 38
Isaias 39
Isaias 40
Isaias 41
Isaias 42
Isaias 43
Isaias 44
Isaias 45
Isaias 46
Isaias 47
Isaias 48
Isaias 49
Isaias 50
Isaias 51
Isaias 52
Isaias 53
Isaias 54
Isaias 55
Isaias 56
Isaias 57
Isaias 58
Isaias 59
Isaias 60
Isaias 61
Isaias 62
Isaias 63
Isaias 64
Isaias 65
Isaias 66
Jeremias 1
Jeremias 2
Jeremias 3
Jeremias 4
Jeremias 5
Jeremias 6
Jeremias 7
Jeremias 8
Jeremias 9
Jeremias 10
Jeremias 11
Jeremias 12
Jeremias 13
Jeremias 14
Jeremias 15
Jeremias 16
Jeremias 17
Jeremias 18
Jeremias 19
Jeremias 20
Jeremias 21
Jeremias 22
Jeremias 23
Jeremias 24
Jeremias 25
Jeremias 26
Jeremias 27
Jeremias 28
Jeremias 29
Jeremias 30
Jeremias 31
Jeremias 32
Jeremias 33
Jeremias 34
Jeremias 35
Jeremias 36
Jeremias 37
Jeremias 38
Jeremias 39
Jeremias 40
Jeremias 41
Jeremias 42
Jeremias 43
Jeremias 44
Jeremias 45
Jeremias 46
Jeremias 47
Jeremias 48
Jeremias 49
Jeremias 50
Jeremias 51
Jeremias 52
Lamentationes 1
Lamentationes 2
Lamentationes 3
Lamentationes 4
Lamentationes 5
Baruch 1
Baruch 2
Baruch 3
Baruch 4
Baruch 5
Baruch 6
Ezechiel 1
Ezechiel 2
Ezechiel 3
Ezechiel 4
Ezechiel 5
Ezechiel 6
Ezechiel 7
Ezechiel 8
Ezechiel 9
Ezechiel 10
Ezechiel 11
Ezechiel 12
Ezechiel 13
Ezechiel 14
Ezechiel 15
Ezechiel 16
Ezechiel 17
Ezechiel 18
Ezechiel 19
Ezechiel 20
Ezechiel 21
Ezechiel 22
Ezechiel 23
Ezechiel 24
Ezechiel 25
Ezechiel 26
Ezechiel 27
Ezechiel 28
Ezechiel 29
Ezechiel 30
Ezechiel 31
Ezechiel 32
Ezechiel 33
Ezechiel 34
Ezechiel 35
Ezechiel 36
Ezechiel 37
Ezechiel 38
Ezechiel 39
Ezechiel 40
Ezechiel 41
Ezechiel 42
Ezechiel 43
Ezechiel 44
Ezechiel 45
Ezechiel 46
Ezechiel 47
Ezechiel 48
Daniel 1
Daniel 2
Daniel 3
Daniel 4
Daniel 5
Daniel 6
Daniel 7
Daniel 8
Daniel 9
Daniel 10
Daniel 11
Daniel 12
Daniel 13
Daniel 14
Osee 1
Osee 2
Osee 3
Osee 4
Osee 5
Osee 6
Osee 7
Osee 8
Osee 9
Osee 10
Osee 11
Osee 12
Osee 13
Osee 14
Joel 1
Joel 2
Joel 3
Amos 1
Amos 2
Amos 3
Amos 4
Amos 5
Amos 6
Amos 7
Amos 8
Amos 9
Abdias - 1 Jonas 1
Jonas 2
Jonas 3
Jonas 4
Michaea 1
Michaea 2
Michaea 3
Michaea 4
Michaea 5
Michaea 6
Michaea 7
Nahum 1
Nahum 2
Nahum 3
Habacuc 1
Habacuc 2
Habacuc 3
Sophonias 1
Sophonias 2
Sophonias 3
Aggaeus 1
Aggaeus 2
Zacharias 1
Zacharias 2
Zacharias 3
Zacharias 4
Zacharias 5
Zacharias 6
Zacharias 7
Zacharias 8
Zacharias 9
Zacharias 10
Zacharias 11
Zacharias 12
Zacharias 13
Zacharias 14
Malachias 1
Malachias 2
Malachias 3
Machabaeorum I
I Machabaeorum 1
I Machabaeorum 2
I Machabaeorum 3
I Machabaeorum 4
I Machabaeorum 5
I Machabaeorum 6
I Machabaeorum 7
I Machabaeorum 8
I Machabaeorum 9
I Machabaeorum 10
I Machabaeorum 11
I Machabaeorum 12
I Machabaeorum 13
I Machabaeorum 14
I Machabaeorum 15
I Machabaeorum 16
Machabaeorum II
II Machabaeorum 1
II Machabaeorum 2
II Machabaeorum 3
II Machabaeorum 4
II Machabaeorum 5
II Machabaeorum 6
II Machabaeorum 7
II Machabaeorum 8
II Machabaeorum 9
II Machabaeorum 10
II Machabaeorum 11
II Machabaeorum 12
II Machabaeorum 13
II Machabaeorum 14
II Machabaeorum 15
Secundum Matthaeum
Secundum Marcum
Secundum Lucam
Secundum Ioannem
Actus Apostolorum
Ad Romanos
Ad Corinthios I
Ad Corinthios II
Ad Galatas
Ad Ephesios
Ad Philippenses
Ad Colossenses
Ad Thessalonicenses I
Ad Thessalonicenses II
Ad Timotheum I
Ad Timotheum II
Ad Titum
Ad Philemonem
Ad Hebraeos
Epistula Iacobi
Epistula Petri I
Epistula Petri II
Epistula Ioannis I
Epistula Ioannis II
Epistula Ioannis III
Epistula Iudae
Apocalypsis Ioannis

VULGATE

The Holy Bible In Latin Language With Douay-Rheims English Translation

The Vulgate is a Latin version of the Holy Bible, and largely the result of the labors of St Jerome (Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus), who was commissioned by Pope Damasus I in 382 A.D. to make a revision of the old Latin translations. By the 13th century this revision had come to be called the versio vulgata, that is, the "commonly used translation", and ultimately it became the definitive and officially promulgated Latin version of the Holy Bible in the Catholic Church.

Saint Jerome had been commissioned by Pope Damasus to revise the Old Latin text of the four Gospels from the best Greek texts, and by the time of Damasus' death in 384 A.D. he had thoroughly completed this task, together with a more cursory revision from the Greek Septuagint of the Old Latin text of the Psalms.

After the death of the Pope, St. Jerome who had been the Pope's secretary, settled in Bethlehem, where he produced a new version of the Psalms, translated from the Hexaplar revision of the Septuagint. But from 390 to 405 A.D., St. Jerome translated anew all 39 books in the Hebrew Bible, including a further, third, version of the Psalms, which survives in a very few Vulgate manuscripts. This new translation of the Psalms was labelled by him as "iuxta Hebraeos" (i.e. "close to the Hebrews", "immediately following the Hebrews"), but it was not ultimately used in the Vulgate. The translations of the other 38 books were used, however, and so the Vulgate is usually credited to have been the first translation of the Old Testament into Latin directly from the Hebrew Tanakh, rather than the Greek Septuagint.

Saint Jerome's extensive use of exegetical material written in Greek, on the other hand, as well as his use of the Aquiline and Theodotiontic texts of the Hexapla, along with the somewhat paraphrastic style in which he translated makes it difficult to determine exactly how direct the conversion of Hebrew to Latin was. In his prologues, Jerome described those books or portions of books in the Septuagint that were not found in the Hebrew as being non-canonical: he called them apocrypha, but they are found in all complete manuscripts and editions of the Vulgate.

Of the Old Testament texts not found in the Hebrew, St. Jerome translated Tobit and Judith anew from the Aramaic; and from the Greek, the additions to Esther from the Septuagint, and the additions to Daniel from Theodotion. The others, Baruch, Wisdom of Solomon, Ecclesiasticus, 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees, 3 Esdras and 4 Esdras, the Prayer of Manasses, Psalm 151, and Laodiceans retain in Vulgate manuscripts their Old Latin renderings. Their style is still markedly distinguishable from St. Jerome's. In the Vulgate text, St. Jerome's translations from the Greek of the additions to Esther and Daniel are combined with his separate translations of these books from the Hebrew.

St. Jerome's Preface to the Vulgate Version of the New Testament

Addressed to Pope Damasus, A.D. 383.

You urge me to revise the old Latin version, and, as it were, to sit in judgment on the copies of the Scriptures which are now scattered throughout the whole world; and, inasmuch as they differ from one another, you would have me decide which of them agree with the Greek original. The labour is one of love, but at the same time both perilous and presumptuous; for in judging others I must be content to be judged by all; and how can I dare to change the language of the world in its hoary old age, and carry it back to the early days of its infancy? Is there a man, learned or unlearned, who will not, when he takes the volume into his hands, and perceives that what he reads does not suit his settled tastes, break out immediately into violent language, and call me a forger and a profane person for having the audacity to add anything to the ancient books, or to make any changes or corrections therein? Now there are two consoling reflections which enable me to bear the odium—in the first place, the command is given by you who are the supreme bishop; and secondly, even on the showing of those who revile us, readings at variance with the early copies cannot be right. For if we are to pin our faith to the Latin texts, it is for our opponents to tell us which; for there are almost as many forms of texts as there are copies. If, on the other hand, we are to glean the truth from a comparison of many, why not go back to the original Greek and correct the mistakes introduced by inaccurate translators, and the blundering alterations of confident but ignorant critics, and, further, all that has been inserted or changed by copyists more asleep than awake?

I am not discussing the Old Testament, which was turned into Greek by the Seventy elders, and has reached us by a descent of three steps. I do not ask what Aquila and Symmachus think, or why Theodotion takes a middle course between the ancients and the moderns. I am willing to let that be the true translation which had apostolic approval. I am now speaking of the New Testament. This was undoubtedly composed in Greek, with the exception of the work of Matthew the Apostle, who was the first to commit to writing the Gospel of Christ, and who published his work in Judæa in Hebrew characters. We must confess that as we have it in our language it is marked by discrepancies, and now that the stream is distributed into different channels we must go back to the fountainhead. I pass over those manuscripts which are associated with the names of Lucian and Hesychius, and the authority of which is perversely maintained by a handful of disputatious persons. It is obvious that these writers could not amend anything in the Old Testament after the labours of the Seventy; and it was useless to correct the New, for versions of Scripture which already exist in the languages of many nations show that their additions are false. I therefore promise in this short Preface the four Gospels only, which are to be taken in the following order, Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, as they have been revised by a comparison of the Greek manuscripts. Only early ones have been used. But to avoid any great divergences from the Latin which we are accustomed to read, I have used my pen with some restraint, and while I have corrected only such passages as seemed to convey a different meaning, I have allowed the rest to remain as they are.




 



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